Participatory processes appear mainly in the second half of the 20th century, adapted to a wide range of issues and policies, through the eyes of different scientific specialties (economists, environmentalists, sociologists). Historically, they have appeared in various forms, from social and market research to spatial development policies and spatial planning based on participatory decision-making processes.
It is a logic of "bottom-up" governance and is based on the idea that it is a democratic right of those influenced by a decision to participate in the planning and decision-making process from the beginning.
When participatory planning is used to climate change adaptation, the benefits through innovative tools and processes can:
monitor and record data related to climate change with the participation of the public together with experts
develop climate change risk management plans in a more holistic way
promote more effective action plans to prevent such risks
inform and raise awareness of citizens effectively and democratically around climate change, with the ultimate goal of mobilizing them to address the causes that aggravate it locally.
Through the participation of citizens and organizations, the following are sought and can be achieved: